◉ plumplot 

London violent crime statistics

Annual crime rate in London region is 27.1, i.e. 27.1 crimes committed per annum per 1000 workday people. Compared to the national crime rate, London's crime rate is at 85%. Violent crime makes up 20.9% of all crimes committed in the region. The total number of "violent crime" is 235k, and this number has increased by 4.2% when compared year-over-year in the period of July 2018 - June 2019.

27.1

annual crime rate per 1k workday people

85%

of national crime rate

20.9%

of all crimes

235k

crimes committed

4.2%

annual change

London violent crime rate comparison map

July 2018 - June 2019

London violent crime rate comparison map
Postcode sectorCrime rate vs. ENG & WLS rateCrime rate per 1000 workday peopleTotal number of crimes
BR1 1108%34346
BR1 235%11117
BR1 369%22253
BR1 4112%36380
BR1 5115%37452
BR2 057%18168
BR2 670%2256
BR2 763%20138
BR2 882%26237
BR2 959%19237
BR3 1105%34264
BR3 3101%32374
BR3 459%19207
BR3 566%2194
BR3 631%1037
BR4 042%13103
BR4 938%1293
BR5 147%15133
BR5 2118%38426
BR5 395%30321
BR5 4100%32276
BR6 073%23241
BR6 639%1365
BR6 755%18145
BR6 862%20148
BR6 935%11120
BR7 551%1692
BR7 656%18154
CR0 0120%38571
CR0 1172%551038
CR0 2178%571193
CR0 3103%33551
CR0 478%25573
CR0 573%23232
CR0 699%32504
CR0 781%26295
CR0 870%22207
CR0 977%25192
CR2 044%14106
CR2 6101%32318
CR2 755%1897
CR2 861%19168
CR2 939%1269
CR4 1138%44513
CR4 2126%40382
CR4 3120%38530
CR4 491%29320
CR5 151%16115
CR5 277%25215
CR7 6127%41278
CR7 797%31467
CR7 8132%42588
CR8 154%1759
CR8 283%26209
CR8 350%1666
CR8 463%2087
CR8 553%17102
DA1 498%31337
DA14 453%17137
DA14 556%18129
DA14 676%24209
DA15 749%1682
DA15 852%17174
DA15 954%17107
DA16 174%24204
DA16 250%16152
DA16 3109%35271
DA17 5104%33242
DA17 677%25191
DA18 468%22125
DA5 155%18100
DA5 263%2081
DA5 341%1376
DA6 7126%40301
DA6 868%22123
DA7 455%18172
DA7 541%13101
DA7 690%29229
DA8 1122%39453
DA8 2139%44438
DA8 3108%34291
E1 0131%42390
E1 1137%44385
E1 2109%35322
E1 380%25147
E1 4121%39680
E1 5120%38392
E1 654%17374
E1 725%8173
E1 829%9182
E10 596%31406
E10 687%28447
E10 790%29369
E11 198%31302
E11 251%16147
E11 3100%32358
E11 4129%41484
E12 5106%34447
E12 677%24493
E13 0110%35490
E13 8130%42576
E13 9107%34490
E14 0127%41425
E14 2131%4271
E14 397%31376
E14 49%353
E14 56%2123
E14 6170%54525
E14 7158%50576
E14 855%18320
E14 942%14361
E15 1207%66963
E15 2208%66741
E15 3122%39444
E15 4127%41541
E16 1135%43433
E16 288%28313
E16 3118%38427
E16 485%27324
E17 3109%35409
E17 4100%32481
E17 592%29407
E17 697%31438
E17 7139%44429
E17 880%26304
E17 9116%37384
E18 182%26156
E18 252%17136
E1W 130%1052
E1W 266%21112
E1W 3101%32130
E2 0133%42399
E2 6124%40272
E2 7137%44342
E2 883%26202
E2 9149%48425
E3 2141%45505
E3 3145%46498
E3 4161%52614
E3 5109%35342
E4 6102%33400
E4 796%31339
E4 899%32382
E4 983%26365
E5 0125%40479
E5 8133%42488
E5 9127%40518
E6 1107%34502
E6 2102%33504
E6 378%25406
E6 583%26313
E6 686%28407
E7 093%30316
E7 8114%36683
E7 999%31457
E8 1136%43416
E8 2164%52439
E8 3133%43379
E8 4149%48394
E9 5179%57673
E9 6132%42531
E9 7120%38380
EC1A 21%01
EC1A 418%619
EC1A 79%331
EC1A 911%312
EC1M 325%88
EC1M 45%24
EC1M 516%530
EC1M 636%1167
EC1M 727%97
EC1N 622%75
EC1N 721%744
EC1N 89%324
EC1R 022%741
EC1R 131%1025
EC1R 331%1029
EC1R 439%1249
EC1R 553%1741
EC1V 042%1362
EC1V 1140%4549
EC1V 217%516
EC1V 358%1864
EC1V 419%623
EC1V 749%1663
EC1V 874%2457
EC1V 9136%44306
EC1Y 057%1844
EC1Y 165%2125
EC1Y 217%64
EC1Y 422%714
EC1Y 811%447
EC2A 17%25
EC2A 271%2344
EC2A 367%21189
EC2A 440%13194
EC2M 156%1884
EC2M 228%921
EC2M 3116%3788
EC2M 422%791
EC2M 58%36
EC2M 613%410
EC2M 757%18171
EC2N 212%49
EC2N 410%315
EC2R 613%410
EC2R 75%17
EC2V 52%12
EC2V 69%317
EC2V 77%214
EC2V 81%01
EC2Y 54%111
EC2Y 85%228
EC2Y 934%1142
EC3A 319%613
EC3A 51%03
EC3A 723%725
EC3M 70%01
EC3N 118%641
EC3N 218%656
EC3N 425%847
EC3R 52%15
EC3R 76%28
EC3R 85%218
EC3V 010%321
EC3V 134%1126
EC3V 392%29139
EC3V 916%512
EC4A 15%218
EC4A 36%221
EC4A 424%87
EC4M 753%1788
EC4M 947%1543
EC4N 116%55
EC4N 537%1212
EC4N 737%1228
EC4N 81%01
EC4R 02%08
EC4R 16%22
EC4R 22%15
EC4R 914%421
EC4V 29%36
EC4V 34%112
EC4V 474%2441
EC4V 58%227
EC4V 66%28
EC4Y 014%412
EC4Y 117%615
EC4Y 810%313
EC4Y 90%01
EN1 195%30396
EN1 260%19109
EN1 355%18220
EN1 4110%35379
EN2 087%28199
EN2 686%28164
EN2 755%17102
EN2 877%24217
EN2 949%1635
EN3 4119%38426
EN3 597%31411
EN3 697%31486
EN3 774%24331
EN4 045%1471
EN4 895%30283
EN4 962%20121
EN5 168%22131
EN5 258%19228
EN5 3130%42118
EN5 591%29217
HA0 169%22250
HA0 2111%35363
HA0 380%26206
HA0 4101%32362
HA1 1119%38359
HA1 293%30288
HA1 379%25394
HA1 464%20213
HA2 0104%33311
HA2 678%25135
HA2 740%1389
HA2 892%29280
HA2 986%28293
HA3 078%25231
HA3 5110%35296
HA3 683%27221
HA3 795%30284
HA3 855%17184
HA3 955%17198
HA4 076%24199
HA4 655%18157
HA4 754%17140
HA4 879%25161
HA4 965%21151
HA5 151%16111
HA5 277%25155
HA5 344%14121
HA5 436%1277
HA5 559%19116
HA6 150%16130
HA6 241%13124
HA7 173%23162
HA7 239%1290
HA7 359%19122
HA7 461%19176
HA8 0118%38385
HA8 579%25247
HA8 669%22188
HA8 7121%39242
HA8 865%21229
HA8 972%23203
HA9 0152%49332
HA9 660%19199
HA9 7153%49388
HA9 896%31370
HA9 999%32320
IG1 1134%43708
IG1 2119%38674
IG1 388%28362
IG1 4123%39497
IG11 087%28411
IG11 7107%34505
IG11 8166%53632
IG11 986%27402
IG2 682%26295
IG2 790%29321
IG3 8131%42703
IG3 9102%33455
IG4 580%25210
IG5 051%16204
IG6 172%23181
IG6 292%29292
IG6 381%26170
IG7 486%27174
IG8 060%19140
IG8 790%29197
IG8 875%24161
IG8 955%18118
IG9 6103%33119
KT1 1125%40399
KT1 266%21244
KT1 3107%34340
KT1 460%1957
KT2 555%17187
KT2 6104%33277
KT2 746%15156
KT3 367%21220
KT3 460%19142
KT3 575%24177
KT3 642%14122
KT4 869%22273
KT5 864%20150
KT5 952%17119
KT6 4104%33173
KT6 668%22117
KT6 770%23238
KT8 953%1773
KT9 181%26208
KT9 277%25242
N1 0121%39456
N1 188%28215
N1 2117%37388
N1 3106%34193
N1 4104%33208
N1 5119%38284
N1 684%27281
N1 761%20222
N1 8112%36324
N1 989%29497
N10 188%28187
N10 264%20136
N10 363%20152
N11 187%28294
N11 294%30238
N11 3112%36243
N12 0112%36263
N12 722%729
N12 854%17122
N12 974%24154
N13 486%27258
N13 576%24229
N13 6131%42210
N14 458%19159
N14 554%17131
N14 666%21131
N14 739%1353
N15 3177%57457
N15 4182%58610
N15 5178%57484
N15 6105%33366
N16 070%22143
N16 576%24327
N16 648%15201
N16 7136%43348
N16 8126%40363
N16 9146%47207
N17 0116%37464
N17 6115%37592
N17 7142%45364
N17 8148%47372
N17 9174%56748
N18 195%30462
N18 2132%42683
N18 3273%8746
N19 3118%38362
N19 4112%36268
N19 5140%45508
N1C 4757%242303
N2 045%14101
N2 877%25118
N2 938%1275
N20 056%18153
N20 827%929
N20 944%1464
N21 149%16100
N21 253%1791
N21 350%1694
N22 5140%45450
N22 6141%45586
N22 775%24199
N22 8141%45338
N3 160%19157
N3 259%19176
N3 345%1484
N4 1126%40415
N4 2120%38698
N4 3121%39347
N4 4103%33140
N5 1135%43392
N5 294%30254
N6 451%1673
N6 571%23170
N6 641%1336
N7 082%26247
N7 6199%64395
N7 7121%39275
N7 8158%51491
N7 996%31326
N8 0107%34284
N8 7119%38267
N8 884%27190
N8 988%28201
N9 0127%41489
N9 7108%34280
N9 8105%33329
N9 999%32427
NW1 0107%34439
NW1 157%18220
NW1 275%24439
NW1 357%18203
NW1 490%29180
NW1 587%28135
NW1 656%18192
NW1 7105%33348
NW1 8170%54589
NW1 9103%33311
NW10 0137%44486
NW10 1108%35268
NW10 2138%44367
NW10 3125%40290
NW10 4191%61530
NW10 5108%35322
NW10 649%16117
NW10 759%19369
NW10 8131%42485
NW10 9119%38334
NW11 042%1368
NW11 641%1366
NW11 778%25140
NW11 890%29157
NW11 968%22164
NW2 1103%33283
NW2 296%31177
NW2 3170%54341
NW2 495%31163
NW2 574%24162
NW2 692%30312
NW2 7102%33351
NW3 140%1356
NW3 262%20318
NW3 358%19131
NW3 466%21122
NW3 535%1175
NW3 663%20140
NW3 735%1155
NW4 165%21120
NW4 260%19143
NW4 384%27296
NW4 473%23188
NW5 167%21215
NW5 299%32279
NW5 391%29154
NW5 4111%36256
NW6 177%25185
NW6 2113%36169
NW6 369%22103
NW6 4135%43267
NW6 5129%41384
NW6 672%23167
NW6 7127%41362
NW7 149%16105
NW7 260%19126
NW7 373%23130
NW7 435%1154
NW8 056%18105
NW8 654%1773
NW8 739%1267
NW8 887%28304
NW8 929%959
NW9 091%29291
NW9 5107%34558
NW9 673%23187
NW9 795%30166
NW9 862%20160
NW9 9109%35298
RM1 1299%96502
RM1 283%27141
RM1 3120%38282
RM1 461%20201
RM10 7127%41467
RM10 8141%45493
RM10 996%31433
RM11 172%23220
RM11 255%18134
RM11 349%16119
RM12 457%18218
RM12 558%18121
RM12 660%19147
RM13 7102%32215
RM13 899%32232
RM13 982%26298
RM14 165%21167
RM14 250%16124
RM14 338%1272
RM2 565%21104
RM2 674%24103
RM3 052%17192
RM3 7133%43294
RM3 8154%49459
RM3 9127%40319
RM5 284%27174
RM5 391%29228
RM6 486%27294
RM6 5118%38314
RM6 692%29243
RM7 079%25367
RM7 7114%36128
RM7 877%25123
RM7 995%30146
RM8 1109%35389
RM8 2138%44513
RM8 3100%32285
RM9 4102%32320
RM9 5117%38367
RM9 6127%41389
SE1 022%7194
SE1 151%16263
SE1 248%15475
SE1 366%21270
SE1 495%30335
SE1 5137%44419
SE1 6174%56435
SE1 749%16478
SE1 8119%38566
SE1 940%13316
SE10 0183%59575
SE10 893%30206
SE10 9141%45418
SE11 4116%37285
SE11 593%30286
SE11 675%24148
SE12 0104%33240
SE12 879%25171
SE12 999%32210
SE13 5132%42416
SE13 6155%50681
SE13 7169%54665
SE14 5114%36409
SE14 6147%47423
SE15 1120%38272
SE15 2163%52479
SE15 3112%36355
SE15 4146%47287
SE15 5185%59532
SE15 6115%37346
SE16 2113%36330
SE16 3106%34311
SE16 4163%52266
SE16 5106%34117
SE16 670%2260
SE16 7182%58294
SE17 1165%53314
SE17 2138%44486
SE17 3110%35321
SE18 1136%44506
SE18 2124%40286
SE18 3130%42379
SE18 499%32355
SE18 5135%43369
SE18 6150%48646
SE18 7128%41422
SE19 1122%39245
SE19 2130%42227
SE19 391%29238
SE2 095%30266
SE2 9126%40457
SE20 7117%38329
SE20 8165%53449
SE21 742%1357
SE21 871%23189
SE22 073%23151
SE22 899%31269
SE22 955%1893
SE23 171%23164
SE23 2104%33294
SE23 381%26207
SE24 0111%35231
SE24 993%30187
SE25 4127%41376
SE25 5128%41312
SE25 6114%36359
SE26 4126%40291
SE26 5118%38281
SE26 695%30234
SE27 093%30266
SE27 9127%41302
SE28 0132%42437
SE28 8103%33478
SE3 071%23131
SE3 782%26152
SE3 8106%34238
SE3 975%24147
SE4 184%27289
SE4 2135%43381
SE5 0148%47377
SE5 7121%39357
SE5 8126%40550
SE5 972%23388
SE6 1113%36433
SE6 292%29370
SE6 3123%39371
SE6 4180%57572
SE7 798%31365
SE7 8110%35293
SE8 3110%35266
SE8 4166%53367
SE8 5105%34259
SE9 171%23200
SE9 288%28258
SE9 385%27260
SE9 4144%46412
SE9 5155%50325
SE9 6122%39291
SM1 1135%43349
SM1 271%23240
SM1 370%22251
SM1 4102%33312
SM2 584%27323
SM2 684%27196
SM2 729%945
SM3 863%20145
SM3 971%23241
SM4 451%16159
SM4 596%31293
SM4 6113%36343
SM5 1128%41401
SM5 2115%37314
SM5 351%16105
SM5 472%23100
SM6 097%31183
SM6 762%20105
SM6 872%23196
SM6 9100%32296
SW10 062%20251
SW10 995%30251
SW11 1127%41309
SW11 2173%55484
SW11 376%24254
SW11 465%21149
SW11 5114%36394
SW11 626%859
SW12 070%22110
SW12 850%16143
SW12 9132%42276
SW13 046%1578
SW13 873%2325
SW13 956%18116
SW14 754%17102
SW14 836%1188
SW15 172%23194
SW15 262%20179
SW15 381%26199
SW15 4177%57492
SW15 596%31278
SW15 675%24154
SW16 1144%46366
SW16 289%28328
SW16 389%28189
SW16 494%30302
SW16 597%31368
SW16 697%31327
SW17 087%28548
SW17 667%2118
SW17 7144%46502
SW17 893%30345
SW17 9130%42489
SW18 178%25264
SW18 280%26191
SW18 382%26244
SW18 484%27311
SW18 553%17159
SW19 182%26262
SW19 286%27290
SW19 335%11130
SW19 436%11102
SW19 525%841
SW19 699%32242
SW19 744%1489
SW19 873%23292
SW1A 01208%386185
SW1A 116%535
SW1A 257%18258
SW1E 535%1180
SW1E 617%647
SW1H 013%441
SW1H 95%225
SW1P 131%10124
SW1P 229%9174
SW1P 313%475
SW1P 432%10125
SW1V 1176%56429
SW1V 2147%47237
SW1V 397%31192
SW1V 497%31118
SW1W 08%327
SW1W 865%21120
SW1W 944%14142
SW1X 034%1127
SW1X 734%1192
SW1X 822%731
SW1X 926%844
SW1Y 422%752
SW1Y 511%430
SW1Y 633%1065
SW2 1203%65388
SW2 2110%35258
SW2 3121%39346
SW2 4121%39256
SW2 5113%36306
SW20 063%20143
SW20 851%16123
SW20 964%21116
SW3 129%984
SW3 252%17107
SW3 349%1694
SW3 447%1586
SW3 568%22112
SW3 649%16107
SW4 068%22119
SW4 6160%51334
SW4 7239%76415
SW4 8101%32154
SW4 981%26169
SW5 085%27173
SW5 9137%44307
SW6 1120%38309
SW6 296%31349
SW6 365%21179
SW6 464%20150
SW6 596%31179
SW6 659%19149
SW6 7100%32248
SW7 138%1262
SW7 235%11118
SW7 337%1253
SW7 455%17100
SW7 532%1082
SW8 1135%43436
SW8 284%27246
SW8 394%30173
SW8 4101%32260
SW8 548%1575
SW9 0105%34227
SW9 6145%46286
SW9 7150%48391
SW9 8328%105610
SW9 9168%54451
TN16 249%1637
TN16 370%22210
TW1 189%29185
TW1 238%1254
TW1 382%26169
TW1 449%16117
TW10 558%1948
TW10 654%17134
TW10 775%24140
TW11 040%1391
TW11 839%13108
TW11 967%21146
TW12 177%25160
TW12 246%15115
TW12 3100%32165
TW13 4127%41480
TW13 5126%40298
TW13 6119%38277
TW13 771%23144
TW14 056%18184
TW14 876%24274
TW14 9120%38335
TW2 564%21149
TW2 673%23173
TW2 776%24213
TW3 1185%59654
TW3 293%30205
TW3 3186%59601
TW3 487%28224
TW4 5114%36313
TW4 672%23186
TW4 7149%48399
TW5 0112%36351
TW5 979%25403
TW6 2112%36127
TW6 331%1020
TW7 493%30199
TW7 551%16220
TW7 693%30327
TW7 7105%33236
TW8 0107%34308
TW8 886%27168
TW8 946%15159
TW9 153%17137
TW9 283%27169
TW9 332%1044
TW9 460%19116
UB1 1116%37374
UB1 295%30426
UB1 3171%55602
UB10 0110%35306
UB10 847%15139
UB10 975%24203
UB11 1288%9213
UB2 4123%39605
UB2 5102%32539
UB3 170%22352
UB3 2128%41447
UB3 3108%34320
UB3 4136%43403
UB3 571%23178
UB4 0118%38376
UB4 898%31339
UB4 9131%42384
UB5 498%31354
UB5 5122%39386
UB5 697%31431
UB6 064%21216
UB6 754%17144
UB6 873%23378
UB6 993%30353
UB7 018%6232
UB7 7160%51408
UB7 881%26235
UB7 9151%48359
UB8 1110%35496
UB8 258%18372
UB8 383%27506
UB9 667%21170
W10 499%32259
W10 5111%36495
W10 6160%51544
W11 1144%46392
W11 287%28182
W11 390%29158
W11 480%26250
W12 0104%33530
W12 771%23599
W12 8196%63625
W12 999%32309
W13 0118%38301
W13 860%19111
W13 970%22232
W14 056%18178
W14 863%20243
W14 981%26306
W1B 157%1833
W1B 218%624
W1B 3405%12911
W1B 4167%5351
W1B 5114%3691
W1C 1314%10056
W1C 2377%12167
W1D 1212%6844
W1D 21877%60081
W1D 367%21103
W1D 4193%62173
W1D 5104%33114
W1D 6142%45218
W1D 7161%51184
W1F 062%20119
W1F 759%19166
W1F 817%642
W1F 921%748
W1G 090%2935
W1G 616%517
W1G 728%922
W1G 88%210
W1G 94%114
W1H 126%829
W1H 229%913
W1H 451%1639
W1H 574%2474
W1H 633%1133
W1H 750%1681
W1J 031%1026
W1J 522%738
W1J 619%637
W1J 726%859
W1J 825%832
W1K 181%2645
W1K 216%527
W1K 36%213
W1K 416%513
W1K 550%1659
W1K 647%1540
W1K 788%2876
W1S 135%11124
W1S 220%641
W1S 338%1227
W1S 438%1273
W1T 129%9105
W1T 223%732
W1T 349%1688
W1T 410%321
W1T 527%963
W1T 625%818
W1T 726%825
W1U 146%1571
W1U 232%1031
W1U 325%838
W1U 430%1021
W1U 521%721
W1U 650%1648
W1U 712%413
W1U 89%313
W1W 552%1756
W1W 623%755
W1W 78%317
W1W 8140%45252
W2 190%29587
W2 2145%46336
W2 3100%32214
W2 4100%32244
W2 5116%37328
W2 651%16242
W3 055%17141
W3 695%30398
W3 783%26340
W3 874%24284
W3 9136%43279
W4 148%15122
W4 260%19192
W4 394%30236
W4 441%1379
W4 542%13168
W5 157%18153
W5 294%30345
W5 372%23216
W5 480%26243
W5 599%32257
W6 063%20318
W6 750%16191
W6 887%28353
W6 9100%32472
W7 196%31240
W7 241%1385
W7 390%29241
W8 448%1595
W8 531%10109
W8 650%16111
W8 738%1280
W9 173%23194
W9 296%31261
W9 3113%36391
WC1A 177%2558
WC1A 230%1032
WC1B 317%550
WC1B 421%711
WC1B 565%2139
WC1E 618%642
WC1E 715%527
WC1H 031%1063
WC1H 892%29120
WC1H 924%871
WC1N 145%1481
WC1N 235%1149
WC1N 324%893
WC1R 412%428
WC1R 58%311
WC1V 638%1239
WC1V 739%1331
WC1X 050%1669
WC1X 855%1898
WC1X 981%26127
WC2A 118%624
WC2A 219%64
WC2A 314%433
WC2B 443%1460
WC2B 526%8129
WC2B 6430%137100
WC2E 712%448
WC2E 838%1228
WC2E 939%1283
WC2H 0274%87191
WC2H 7354%113432
WC2H 854%1783
WC2H 926%878
WC2N 462%20113
WC2N 522%785
WC2N 6165%53297
WC2R 0198%63145
WC2R 15%16
WC2R 2227%7249
WC2R 36%26

London violent crime rate rank

Violent crime rate is 27.1 crimes committed per 1,000 working people per annum. It's the 2. lowest crime rate out of 10 England and Wales' regions.

2.

lowest crime rate out of 10 regions

27.1

annual crime rate per 1k workday people
London violent crime rate rank

London violent crime rate compared to other regions

The total number of "violent crime" is 235k, and this number has increased by 4.2% when compared year-over-year in the period of July 2018 - June 2019. In the graph below, region are compared by crime rate and crime rate percentage change. Crime rate percentage change compares the region crime rate between July 2018 - June 2019 to the region crime rate in the previous 12 months. The size of the circle reflects the number of total crimes committed. The bigger the circle, the higher the number of crimes committed in the region.

4.2%

annual change

27.1

annual crime rate per 1k workday people

235k

crimes committed
London violent crime rate compared to other regionsCrime rate percentage change
Crime rate per 1000 workday people

London violent crime rate

Annual crime rate per 1000 workday people

London violent crime rate

London violent crime seasonality

Total number of crimes committed in a given calendar month(1 = January … 12 = December) in the previous five years.

London violent crime seasonality

Associated reports:

London crime stats

London home features

London energy costs

London home energy certificates

London real estate market

London population statistics

Homeimage/svg+xmlOpencliparteco green house icon2012-05-29T15:40:56https://openclipart.org/detail/170282/eco-green-house-icon-by-cybergedeondominiquechappardecologygreenhomehouseicon